Types of Sun Rays with Associated Risks

We all love a good tan but how much are avid sun lovers sacrificing for appearances? The effects of the sun on our skin is more damaging than we used to think. The sun has been around for six billion years however, scientists are still discovering new information on the harmful effects of the sun’s rays.

About UV Radiation

The sun releases energy in several different wavelengths: the visible light that we can see, infrared radiation we feel as heat and ultraviolet or UV radiation that we cannot see or feel. The UV radiation has higher energy and it affects humans in both negative and positive ways. For example, UVB radiation creates vitamin D but it can also lead to sunburn which damages the skin. The ozone layer absorbs and screens out some but not all of the UV rays that are harmful. However, this protective layer has been thinning over the years due to certain man-made chemicals that are now currently being phased out.

Types Of UV Radiation And The Damage They Cause

UV Ray Skin Damage

There are three classifications of UV radiation. UVA which is not absorbed by the ozone layer, UVB which is largely but not completely absorbed and UVC which is totally absorbed by both the ozone layer and the earth’s atmosphere. Serious health effects like skin cancers, eye damage and cataracts and premature aging of the skin including wrinkles are caused by these harmful rays. They also repress the immune system which reduces the body’s ability to fight off these conditions as well as other illnesses.
The UVA rays (A stands for aging) are the dominant tanning rays that penetrate deep into our skin and are the cause of premature aging of our skin as well as cancers. A tan is the result of injury to the skin’s DNA. In an attempts to prevent further DNA damage, the skin darkens which may lead to skin cancer. It was once widely thought that UVA rays were not of much concern and that they did not cause significant damage to the outermost skin layer where most skin cancers occur. However, new research has shown that they are as damaging to skin cells as the UVB rays are. It should be noted that tanning beds can emit up to 12 times more UVA radiation than the sun does.
The UVB rays (B stands for burning) are strongest during summer months, are directly damaging to DNA and largely affect the outer layers of the skin therefor causing sunburns. UVB rays are most dominant in the U.S. during the months of April to October and between the hours of 10 AM and 4 PM. Keep in mind though, your skin can be burned and damaged year round by UVB rays, especially at high altitudes and on reflective surfaces like snow, ice, sand, pavement and water. The skin is subject to twice the effect in these conditions, once from direct exposure and a second time when up to 80% of the rays bounce back off these surfaces. UVB rays also cause the skin to age prematurely as well as causing cancers.
And the UVC rays are the strongest of the three and are the more dangerous form of radiation. However, absorption by the atmosphere allows very little to reach the earth’s surface, thereby protecting us from these harmful rays.

Protect Yourself

It is extremely important that you protect your skin while outdoors as well as while indoors. Always seek shade when outside, especially when on reflective surfaces. UVA also transfers through the glass windows of your vehicle and your home or business. This means that protection such as a tinted UV protective film is necessary on the side and rear windows of your vehicle and also in your home and office windows. Up to 99.9% of UV radiation can be blocked by this film while allowing up to 80% of the light to come through. While outside, you can take protective measurements by dressing in a way that limits UV exposure. If you plan on being outdoors for an extended period of time, you should wear protective clothing that contains UPF (ultraviolet protection factor). You may also purchase laundry additives containing UPF that can be washed right into regular fabrics. Certain everyday fabrics also provide a level of UV protection. Tightly woven, loose fitting clothes as well as bright or dark colored clothing provide a barrier between the sun’s rays and your delicate skin. Don’t forget to wear a wide-brimmed hat and UV blocking sunglasses to protect your eyes, face and sensitive head and neck areas. To protect yourself from the sun’s harmful rays remember; do not burn, avoid tanning beds, wear protective clothing and/or sunscreen and seek shade.

What’s In Self Tanning Lotions?

Self tanning lotions are beneficial in so many different ways. People use them to enhance their tans, and sometimes they can be used to get a tan instead of sitting under the sun, or exposing your skin to harmful rays in tanning beds.

Ingredients in Lotions

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Most self tanning lotions contain the active ingredient known as “DHA” or dihydroxyacetone. This ingredient creates a glow that is healthy be reacting chemically with amino acids within the dead layer of the skin’s surface. It requires no no UV exposure or no permanent pigmentation.

How do they work?
Self tanners give your skin a tanned look, and are currently sold as either lotions or sprays which are applied to the skin. Spray on tanning is also available at professional salons and tanning businesses. The coloring typically wears off within a few days. Some of the tanning lotions may or may not contain sunscreen, and if it does, will only stay active for a couple of hours. The ingredients within the lotion will not protect you from UV exposure if you decide to go out in the sun. That is why the sunscreen present in some lotions is beneficial.

Applying Tanning Lotion
Before you apply your tanning lotion, you want to make sure that you exfoliate first to remove excess dead skin cells. You should then follow this by applying the lotion in sections. You want to make sure that you apply the lotion in a circular motion, and wash your hands after applying. After applying, wait 10 minutes before getting dressed and wear loose clothing until then so it can dry.

Most of these self tanning lotions also contain moisturizers that are good for your skin and keep it supple and healthy. These are a few things to keep in mind if you are someone who enjoys tanning but do not want to expose yourself to harmful rays. Tanning lotions can give the same results minus bad results from harmful UV exposure.

Click this link to find some of the BEST self tanners: http://www.elle.com/beauty/makeup-skin-care/best-self-tanner#slide-1

Sunless Tanning with Melanotan – How to Stay Tanned and Beautiful Year- Round!

If you’re the kind of guy or girl who looks great with a tan but wants to avoid those harmful UV rays, sunless tanning with Melanotan may just be a dream come true for you. Let’s take a look at how this system works and whether or not it’s a good fit for your tanning needs.

What is Melanotan

When most people think of sunless tanning they tend to automatically think of spray-tanning which can have less than desirable results and can leave you looking like an oompa-loompa. Melanotan is a viable alternative for those who need a more reliable method of sunless tanning.

Melanotan is a product that uses Melanocortin peptides to stimulate melanin production within your skin. In other words, it gives you a nice, natural tan pretty much identical to how you would look if you did some sunbathing or went to a tanning salon.

Melanotan comes in two varieties: Melanotan I and Melanotan II. The Melanotan II variety is the most common with I only being used by a small fraction of people who find that Melanotan II makes them too dark.

How Melanotan Works

Okay, so Melanotan is a peptide and gives you a natural tan but how does it work? Melanotan is typically administered via injection. This is done daily and it can take anywhere between 2 to 8 weeks to achieve your desired skin tone.

Once your desired tone is achieved injection can be continued to ensure that your tan does not fade. If injections are stopped your tan will typically fade in a few months. It should also be noted that the dosage you take will depend on your skin type. The fairer your skin is, the more you’ll need basically.

There is an alternate method of Melanotan II that utilizes a nasal spray instead of injections. This is less common though.

Is Melanotan Really Effective?

This is a question that many people have when first learning about this product. I mean really, who wants to spend weeks injecting themselves if the product is unreliable right?

That being said, Melanotan has been proven to work in clinical trials. However it has also been reported that results were better and quicker when combined with minimal UV ray exposure. While this may seem to defeat the purpose of the product it should be noted that small amounts of UV ray exposure isn’t a big deal in most cases.

Whether or not you decide to use Melanotan by itself or in conjunction with a bit of UV ray exposure is up to you. In the end the results probably won’t be radically different, it just depends on how fast you want to get tanned.

Benefits of Melanotan

Now that you know a bit about Melanotan let’s go over its core benefits so you can get an idea of why people are using this product and exactly what it has to offer.


Gives you a natural looking tan
Tan can easily be maintained year-round
Less time consuming than sun bathing or visiting a tanning salon
You have more control over how tanned you become
Tends to function as an aphrodisiac

Drawbacks of Melanotan

Before you rush off to go buy Melanotan let’s take just a moment to go over some of the drawbacks the products has. As with any tanning product you need to make sure you’re 100% positive that it is the right product for you before making a purchasing decision.


Have to do daily injections (unless you’re using the nasal spray)
If you stop doing the injections you will gradually lose your tan
A small amount of users report side effects such as nausea.
May have to combine treatments with small amounts of UV ray exposure for optimal results
There have been a few rare reports of usage resulting in systemic toxicity
Tends to function as an aphrodisiac

Is Melanotan Right for You and How Can I Obtain It?

This is a decision you’ll have to make on your own. One thing to keep in mind is that Melanotan is illegal in some countries to you’ll want to check with your local laws and regulations before making a purchase. Websites such as Melanotan US allow you to purchase directly online.

Also be aware that this article does not constitute medical advice of any kind. Make sure you consult with your doctor before purchasing and using Melanotan or any other products of this nature. While looking good and having a body you can be proud of is great, never put yourself at risk in pursuit of that goal.

As always, make sure you also thoroughly research any tanning or health product you plan to use as well. Melanotan is an effective tanning product but it may not be right for you. Thanks for reading and good luck on getting your perfect tan!

Sunless Tanning Tips and Tricks from Ray

Sunless Tanning Tips & TricksSunless Tanning Results

If you are trying to achieve the perfect tan, you have come to the right place. We all know that summer is over and unless you are a lucky enough to live in a place where it is hot all year long then you are probably suffering from losing your tan as we speak. If you want to a have a beautiful glowing tan all year long, then all you have to do is follow these simple steps.

The number one thing when trying to achieve the perfect self tanned look is to avoid going orange. That is a girl’s worst nightmare to end up looking like a pumpkin instead of having that beautiful bronzed look. Here, you will learn how to get a perfect sunless bronzed tan with no streaks what so ever.

The first thing you have to know about preparing yourself to self tan is that not all products are equal. That is why you need to find the best brand that is suited for your individual skin tone. With all of the self tanning products on the market, it can be overwhelming to find the one that would work for you. In this case, it is recommended to choose a well known brand. You should also read reviews about the specific product to see if it is well liked.

Another great way to find the product for you is to go to some local stores or tanning salons and get as many samples as you can get. This way, you can try them until you find the one that works best for you and you are ready to buy the finished product. One thing to keep in mind when looking for your product, take a look at the ingredients but know that they do not chance much. Most self tanning products have the same ingredients but what determines whether you have a bronzed look or an orange look is the amount of those ingredients that the product has. For this one, less is more my friends.

Especially if you are planning on doing self tanning for a special event, you need to make sure to plan ahead. If you try to this last minute, you might end up with a disaster on your hands and cannot go through with the event after all. Another reason why you want to plan ahead is because most self tanning products take six to eight hours to show their true color. You would also need to avoid any sort of water or sweat while you are waiting for the color to develop. If you are planning on hitting the gym while you are waiting, think again because this will defeat the purpose of applying the self tanning product.

Instead, plan accordingly and do any sort of physical activity or bathing before you self tan. Make sure to wait at least 10 minutes after applying the product to get dresses because you do not want any of the product to get on your clothes and you want to avoid streaks at all costs. The key thing to consider is what you are self tanning for. If you are just going to the beach tomorrow and want to look your best, then it is safe to self tan today but if you are self tanning for a big event, it is recommended to self tan at least 2-3 days before the special day so that if it came out with too much color, it can have a chance to wear off a bit and on the contrary, if it came out with not enough color, you can re-apply as needed.

Now time to actually prepare on the day of self tanning. First things first, you have to exfoliate your entire body. This will eliminate all of the old and dead skin cells left on your skin. Exfoliating helps your skin absorb the self tanner evenly and even helps it wear off evenly. It is recommended to use an exfoliate that is specifically designed for the use before self tanning. Other exfoliates might contain oils that will clog up your pores preventing the self tanning product to absorb at all. Cover your entire body and make sure to give an extra scrub to areas including your knees, elbows, and feet. These areas commonly absorb more color so you want to ensure that they come out evenly.

Always shave right before you are ready to self tan because you cannot shave for at least 2 days after applying your self tanner. This will take off your tan with every streak. If you wax instead of shave, always wax at least 2 days before self tanning to prevent any irritation.

Another very important aspect of self tanning is to moisturize. Before applying your self tanning product, apply a small layer of lotion on your body, focusing on the driest areas including your knees, feet, elbows, and hands. This will prevent them from over coloring.

Now you are ready to self tan! Good luck and have fun!